Young children sneeze, cough, drool, and regularly need diapering or assistance with toileting. They hug, kiss, touch everything, put things in their mouths, and spread germs. Young children’s immune systems are immature, and as a result, children tend to experience colds and other illnesses more frequently than older children and adults, especially when they spend time in child care. The Wisconsin Child Care Certification and Licensing Rules (DCF 202, 250 and 251) require that diaper changing surfaces be cleaned and disinfected between diaper changes. The Group Child Care Licensing Rules (DCF 251) require that dishes and utensils be cleaned and sanitized after use. Proper cleaning and sanitation decreases bacteria, viruses, fungi, and mold, thereby reducing the risk of illness and helping the children attending a child care program remain healthy.
Yes, soft furnishings, removable coverings, clothing, linens and cloth toys should be washed and sanitized when soiled or disinfected when contaminated with bodily secretions. To sanitize or disinfect these types of items:
• Wash materials with hot water measured at a temperature of at least 140 degrees Fahrenheit or with an approved laundry sanitizer or disinfectant.
• Linens and toys should be dried completely in a clothes dryer on the highest heat setting possible.
Sanitizers and disinfectants other than bleach have benefits as well as limitations. For example, when using a quaternary ammonia (quat) product, a longer contact time is required and the product needs to be rinsed off if it is used on a surface that may be mouthed by children. Always follow the manufacturer’s instructions. No matter which products are used during the sanitizing and disinfecting steps, proper cleaning of equipment and surfaces with soap or detergents before applying the sanitizer is always required.
Sanitizer Alternatives: Any product that has an EPA registration label as a sanitizer may be used in the sanitizing step as long as the product is used in accordance with the label instructions.
Disinfectant Alternatives: Any product that that has an EPA registration label and indication that it is a disinfectant, may be used in the disinfecting step as long as the product is used in accordance with the label instructions.
|Process||Solution / Product Necessary||Result|
Always clean before sanitizing or disinfecting.
|Scrub, wash, and rinse surface.|
Dirt can prevent sanitizers / disinfectants from working effectively.
|Mild detergent & Water||Removal of visible dirt, soil, and debris from surface.|
Dishes, food contact surfaces, toys a child may mouth, etc.
|Cover the cleaned area with the sanitizing solution. Follow the label instructions for preparing, applying, contact time, and rinsing.||Any product that has been registered with the U.S. EPA as a sanitizer.||Reduction of the number of bacterial contaminants to safe levels in one test.|
Diapering areas, bathrooms,
all bodily fluids.
|Cover the cleaned area with the disinfecting solution. Follow the label instructions for preparing, applying, contact time, and rinsing.||Any product that has been registered with the U.S. EPA as a disinfectant.||Disinfecting is a higher level of germ killing.It is the destruction of pathogenic and other micro-organisms on surfaces in multiple tests.|